When people say Pilsen most people imagine beer. In the city of Pilsen the legend which gave the name to all Pilsners and Pils was born more than 170 years ago. Nevertheless, in Pilsen you can taste much more. The historical city centre offers plenty of gems which remind their visitors of the rich history of the city. It has its beginning in 1295 when a royal town was established on the junction of four rivers. The position was advantageous due to the fact of being situated on the crossroads of business roads and it brought considerable wealth to the city and its population. Business and art prospered significantly. At the time of the industrial revolution in the 19th century the well-known industrial giants were founded in the city of Pilsen – machine works Skoda and the already mentioned Pilsner Urquell Brewery. The industrial character of the city has been kept up to the present day. High level of cultural and social life in the city was also reflected in its characteristic constructional development. On the Republic Square and in its surroundings there are many sightseeing places worth visiting, for example the St Bartholomew's Cathedral with the highest church tower in the Czech Republic, the Renaissance City Hall, the labyrinth of underground corridors of the Pilsen Historical Underground, the unique Great Synagogue, the fourth largest synagogue in the world, or the Franciscan Monastery. The city centre is surrounded by parks and alleys full of trees and flowers where you can enjoy relaxing in some of many cafes and restaurants while watching a performance of some common open-air production. In Pilsen you experience lively atmosphere of the city which has become the European Capital of Culture 2015. The title brings many new opportunities to Pilsen and its visitors. One of them is a newly-opened guided tour of the apartment interiors which were designed by the world-famous architect Adolf Loos and there is much more... Why Pilsen? • Pilsen is the European Capital of Culture 2015: The visitors of the city can expect eventful cultural programme, unique exhibitions, interesting theatre and dance performances, various events and festivals or a parade of the world's best ensembles of the new circus (You can find detailed information about the programme at www.plzen2015.cz) • Pilsen is located near the border with Germany and not far from Prague: The journey from Munich to Pilsen takes 3 hours on a highway, the journey from Nürnberg takes even only two hours which makes the West-Bohemian metropolis a perfect starting point for further trips in the Czech Republic (to Prague it is a 1-hour journey, to Karlovy Vary also a 1-hour journey). • Pilsen introduces its unique historical city centre: In comparison to other cities Pilsen is extraordinary in that respect that all of the historical sightseeing places are located within one area of the city centre. Therefore, all the sightseeing places can be visited on foot. There are seven museums and more than ten galleries. Romantic park area around the city centre is the right place for walks and relaxation.